Ve-degree and Ev-degree Based Topological Properties of Magnesium Oxide MgO (111) Structures


  • Muhammad Naeem Department of Mathematics,TIMES Institute, Multan, 66000, Pakistan.
  • Zafar Iqbal Department of Mathematics, Emerson University, Multan, 60700, Pakistan.
  • Saba Maqbool Department of Mathematics, Nishat College of Science, Multan, 66000, Pakistan.
  • Tahir Mushtaq Qureshi Department of Mathematics, COMSATS University Islamabad, Vehari Campus, Pakistan.



Ev-degree, Magnesium Oxide MgO, Ve-degree, Topological indices, Physical Properties


The topological index is a numerical representation of a molecular structure and predicts the physical property of a chemical compound. In the present work, we have developed explicit expressions of recently defined novel Ve- degrees and Ev-degrees based topological indices of Magnesium Oxide MgO (111). For this by consider a unit cell of MgO (111) which is extended to its general structure. After that, we have computed Ve-degrees and Ev-degrees of this general structure of MgO (111) then by employing well-known topological indices on these computed Ve- degrees and Ev-degrees of the general structure, obtained numerical results. A variety of graphical invariants have been described and tested, offering lots of applications in the fields of nano-chemistry, computational networks, and indifferent scientific research areas. These computed results will help study the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the structure such as boiling, melting, and flickering point; moisture and forming heat; temperature, strain, density, etc.



How to Cite

Naeem, M., Iqbal, Z. ., Maqbool, S. ., & Qureshi, T. M. . (2022). Ve-degree and Ev-degree Based Topological Properties of Magnesium Oxide MgO (111) Structures. FRONTIERS IN CHEMICAL SCIENCES, 3(1), 45-55.